Iowa Alimony and Spousal Support Laws

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Iowa courts may grant alimony payments as part of a divorce settlement. The court will consider all applicable factors to determine the appropriate award.

Types of Spousal Support

  • Temporary – awarded for the time between filing for divorce and grant of the final decree where it is deemed necessary by the court.
  • Short-Term – limited award of alimony, often for the receiving spouse to gain an education or skills that will lead to employment. 
  • Long-Term or Permanent – awarded as the court deems needed, often reserved for lengthy marriages.

Who is Eligible for Alimony in Iowa

Either party to a divorce in Iowa may seek alimony as part of the final decree. The court will consider each party’s situation in determining whether to award alimony, the amount and duration.

Iowa Alimony Guidelines (Factors for Awarding Alimony)

An Iowa court will consider the following factors when considering an award of alimony:

  • Duration of the marriage;
  • Age and health of the parties;
  • Distribution of property;
  • Educational level of each;
  • Earning capacity of the party seeking alimony;
  • Feasibility of the party seeking alimony to become self-supporting;
  • Tax consequence;
  • Any agreement made by the parties;
  • Provisions of a prenuptial agreement; and
  • Other factors the court deems relevant.

Reasons for Termination or Modification of Alimony in Iowa

Modification can be considered by the courts at any time after the award of alimony. The court has discretion and may consider any changed circumstances in adjusting the amount or duration of payments.

Marital Fault in Iowa

The only grounds for divorce in Iowa is a breakdown of the marriage relationship to the extent that the legitimate objects of matrimony have been destroyed and there is no reasonable likelihood that the marriage can be preserved.

How Long Does Spousal Support Last in Iowa?

Support length is determined on a case-by-case basis, considering the needs and circumstances of the parties involved.

Iowa Alimony Taxes

The spouse receiving alimony must claim payments as income if it is mandated by court order. The paying spouse may deduct the alimony on federal tax returns. Discuss the tax implications of your decree with an experienced attorney.

Find an Alimony Attorney in Iowa

Because divorce may impact your future income, it is best to seek the guidance of a knowledgeable attorney in filing the necessary paperwork and representing your interests in court. An Iowa family law attorney will help you through the difficult process from start to finish.

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